Dry Mouth and Saliva
Dry mouth can describe both the feeling of dry mouth (xerostomia) and the physical reduction in the flow of saliva (hyposalivation). Dry mouth can be caused by many things, including: medications, disease, radiation illness, aging or even stress. Consistent dry mouth can not only impact quality of life by making it difficult to swallow and speak, and interrupt sleep, but it can also negatively impact oral health. In fact, consistent dry mouth can result in an increase in dental decay, plaque, periodontal disease, gingivitis and other oral irritations. Take note that Biotène is not indicated for these symptoms.
Symptoms of dry mouth include*:
- A sticky, dry feeling in the mouth
- Problems chewing, swallowing, tasting and speaking*
- Bad breath
- Cracked Lips*
- Dry irritated tongue
- Mouth sores*
- Sleep interruptions due to thirst*
- Gum inflammations*
- Difficulty wearing dentures*
- Dry throat
*Biotène is not indicated for all of these symptoms.
There are a number of factors which could cause Dry Mouth. A few of the most common are:
- Side effect of medication – More than 500 medications can cause the salivary gland to product less saliva and therefore lead to dry mouth.
- Multiple medications – The more medications taken, the more likely there is to develop dry mouth2,4,12,13.
- Disease – Some diseases affect the salivary glands. i.e. Sjögren’s Syndrome, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, and Parkinson’s disease.
- Radiation therapy – The salivary glands can be damaged if exposed to radiation during cancer treatment2,16.
- Chemotherapy – Drugs used to treat cancer can make the saliva thicker, causing the mouth to feel dry2.
- Nerve damage – Injury to the head or neck can damage the nerves that tell the salivary glands to make saliva.
Saliva provides a ‘first defense’ against chemical, mechanical and infectious attacks. It also:
- Helps you digest food
- Protects against tooth sensitivity, gingivitis and cavities
- Helps fight against infections by controlling bacteria in the mouth
About Biotène Products
The Biotène range provides an extensive line of products that are specially designed for consumers with dry mouth. The Biotène system/range allows consumers to choose the right products or group of products to fit their lifestyle preferences and dry mouth symptom severity.
The Biotène range allows consumers to choose the right product or group of products to fit their lifestyle preferences and dry mouth severity. As the severity of dry mouth can vary widely among individuals, a single recommended routine might not suit everybody. Read the product labels, or speak to a healthcare professional to assist you to make your choice about which of our products to use.
The primary mode of action across this range of oral products is physical (not pharmacological) by helping to retain moisture to help keep the oral tissues feeling moist and by creating a physical coating film to lubricate the oral mucosa, thus helping to relieve dry mouth. Biotène’s moisturizing products are specially formulated to help protect your mouth from drying out.
The Biotène moisturizing products (Moisturizing Mouthwash, Gel and Spray) contain humectants (substances that help to retain water in the underlying tissues) and lubricants (substances that create a physical coating) to help moisturize and lubricate your mouth. Water does "moisturize", but it is brief due to lack of humectants and once you swallow, the dryness returns. However, we certainly do not discourage you from sipping water to help relieve dry mouth.
No—the Biotène Toothpaste provides oral hygiene benefits only and does not provide dry mouth relief. With dry mouth, you need extra protection for your mouth and teeth with products that are formulated to be gentle. Biotène’s Fresh Mint Fluoride Toothpaste is specially formulated to be gentle. It contains fluoride to help strengthen your teeth and protect against cavities. The Biotène moisturizing products (Moisturizing Mouthwash, Gel and Spray) all contain moisturizers and lubricants.
About Your Mouth's pH
Low pH foods, such as acidic drinks, fruits and other products can be buffered to a certain extent by saliva as saliva increases the pH in the mouth to counter the drop in pH from these foods and drinks.
In dry mouth sufferers, where the salivary flow is already low, this can affect a person’s ability to buffer these acidic properties. Use of oral care products with a pH of less than 5.5 could result in the loss of enamel from the tooth surface, depending on the level of saliva in the mouth. Therefore; for dry mouth sufferers, it is advisable that all oral products have a pH above 5.5 which is closer to normal saliva. This aligns to dental professionals’ preferences for neutral pH products for people with low salivary flow.
Where to Buy
The Biotène range of products is located in the oral care section, mouthwash section or denture care section, of most major retailers. If you can’t find the specific Biotène product you are looking for, ask your pharmacist or store manager.
Biotène® Dry Mouth oralbalance Gel has the highest level of humectants and lubricants of any product in the Biotène® range and provides long-lasting relief of dry mouth.
Biotène Dry Mouth oralbalance Gel can be used as frequently as needed for dry mouth relief but GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare (GSK CH) recommends that no more than a single tube of this product is used per day*. In accordance with the product label, GSK CH recommends placing 1-2 cm of gel directly on the tongue and spreading it thoroughly inside the mouth.
*Always follow package directions.
Biotène® Dry Mouth Spray contains humectants and lubricants for instant and long-lasting relief of dry mouth. The spray provides a portable, on the go solution that will instantly refresh and moisten the mouth.
Follow package instructions – spray on tongue and spread in mouth. Use as needed.
Biotène® Dry Mouth Moisturizing Mouthwash is alcohol and sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) free. It contains humectants and lubricants to provide relief of dry mouth while also helping rinse away loose food particles and freshen breath. It can be used up to 5 times per day.
Biotène® Dry Mouth Moisturizing Mouthwash helps clean and refresh the mouth by flushing away non-adherent food. This physical action of washing away debris also leaves the mouth feeling fresh. Rinsing with mouthwash can also reach parts not accessible by brushing.
How long does it take to feel relief and how long does it last for Moisturizing Mouthwash, Gel and Spray?
In clinical testing, we have shown that the moisturizing, gel and spray have an immediate and long-term effect. We have data to show that Biotène Spray, Moisturizing Mouthwash and Gel provides relief that lasts up to 4 hours*.
*As shown in a 28-day clinical study
There is no interaction between water and Biotène products or any ingredients within the products so yes you can both rinse or drink water after brushing.
Safety and Regulatory
Products should be used according to the product labeling. It is our recommendation that anyone who is not sure whether they can use Biotène products seek the advice of their physician or dentist.
Yes. All Biotène products are SLS free.
Yes, Biotène products are gluten free.
‘Alcohol- free’ in labeling pertains to being free of ethyl alcohol (also known as ethanol, or grain alcohol); therefore, we are compliant and allowed to label Biotène as “alcohol- free.” True, propylene glycol is an alcohol; however, it is also a humectant, which is an ingredient that retains moisture (and why it’s used in our dry mouth products).
Why can Biotène Dry Mouth Moisturizing Mouth Spray be swallowed but Biotène Dry Mouth Moisturizing Mouthwash cannot?
These are two different products with different uses and dosage routines. Biotène Dry Mouth Moisturizing Mouthwash is part of a daily oral care routine and indicated for use at 15 mL for thirty seconds for up to 5 times daily, and is intended to be expectorated (spat out). Biotène Dry Mouth Moisturizing Mouth Spray, on the other hand, is intended for moisturizing and should be applied directly into the mouth as required.
Due to the Biotène range’s mild formulation ingredients, preservatives have been added in some of the formulations. Parabens have been widely used as preservatives in many consumer products for over 50 years and have a long history of suitability for use in such products. Parabens are considered suitable for use at the current use levels in these products.